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Regulations, legislation and standards

< Back | Last revised: 19th March 2018


Disclaimer

E-bike laws and legislation E-bike laws and legislation

The information below summarises the relevant regulations for electric bikes as far as we (The ACT) understand at the time of writing. We believe that the below is an accurate interpretation of what the law states, however we cannot accept liability for any information that is incorrect or has since become out of date. We also cannot police any retailers who conduct any illegal activity either through choice or through ignorance of the law.


"Ultimately the interpretation of the law is a matter for the courts based on individual facts of any particular case. You are therefore advised to consult the relevant legislation and, if necessary, seek independent advice on specific legal questions." [1]


Key points

  • E-bikes that meet the current EAPC regulations, minus a few exceptions, are treated as normal bicycles. The basic requirements are:

    • the cycle must be fitted with pedals that can propel it;
    • the electric motor must not exceed a maximum continuous rated power of 250W; and
    • the electric motor must not offer electrical assistance beyond a speed 15.5mph.
  • Any other e-bikes that do not meet the EAPC regulations are subject to type approval and any associated registration, tax and licencing.

We are awaiting government confirmation in terms of how e-bike regulations may be affected by the exit from the EU. To read all that we know so far please visit EU Exit updates for e-bikes.


EAPC Regulations Pedal Cycles Regulations Type approval Northern Ireland

EAPC Regulations

Pedal Cycles Regulations

Type approval

"Twist and Go" cycles

Northern Ireland

EAPC Regulations Pedal Cycles Regulations Type approval

EAPC Regulations

Pedal Cycles Regulations

Type approval

Northern Ireland  

"Twist and Go" cycles

Northern Ireland

 

Last revised: 19th March 2018


"Twist and Go" cycles

As explained previously, any e-bikes (including "Twist and Go" cycles) which do not meet EAPC regulations need to be type approved as per the previous section.

E-bike throttle control E-bike throttle control

Some "Twist and Go" cycles are however able to meet the EAPC regulations (i.e. have pedals, a max. power of 250W and a max. assisted speed of 15.5mph), but due to the way in which the user has access to the assistance are subject to separate legislation and therefore, unlike standard EAPCs, may need type approval.

Since January 1st 2016, "Twist and Go" cycles which are in-scope with EAPC specifications do need to be type approved*, and fall within the L1e-A category under European law.

* there is an exemption to this for cycles where the assistive power available without pedalling cuts out at 3.7mph (6km/h), which do not need to be type approved. This small start-up or walking assistance helps get the cycle moving which can be beneficial to those who are less able.

These laws are not backdated though, so “Twist and Goes” manufactured, imported and sold before January 1st 2016 do not need type approving.


Definitions

Key links

References